Coronavirus death count
Death count

Earth

World’s deadliest earthquakes

Location / Year Estimated death toll Earthquake magnitude
Shaanxi, China - 1556 830 000 8
Port-au-Prince, Haiti - 2010 316 000 7
Antakya, Turkey - 115 260 000 7.5
Antakya, Turkey - 525 250 000 7
Tangshan, China - 1976 242 769 7.5
Gyzndzha, Azerbaijan - 1139 230 000 Unknown
Sumatra, Indonesia - 2004 227 899 9.1
Damghan, Iran - 856 200 000 7.9
Gansu, China - 1920 200 000 8.3
Dvin, Armenia - 893 150 000 Unknown
Tokyo, Japan - 1923 142 807 7.9

The most deadly earthquake in history was in Shaanxi, China in 1556. It’s estimated to have killed 830,000 people. This is more than twice that of the second most fatal: the recent Port-au-Prince earthquake in Haiti in 2010. It’s reported that 316,000 people died as a result.


Ten deadliest volcanic eruptions

Location / Year Estimated death toll Event
Indonesia - 1815 71 000+ Eruption of Mount Tambora
Indonesia - 1883 36 000+ Eruption of Krakatoa
Martinique - 1902 30 000 Eruption of Mount Pelée
Colombia - 1985 23 000 Armero tragedy
Japan - 1792 15 000 Unzen earthquake and tsunami
Indonesia - 1586 10 000 Mount Kelud
Guatemala - 1902 6 000 Santa Maria
Indonesia - 1919 5 000 Mount Kelud
Indonesia - 1822 4 011 Mount Galunggung
Mexico - 1982 3 500 El Chichón

Ten deadliest avalanches / landslides

Location / Year Estimated death toll Event
China - 1786 100 000 Dadu River landslide dam
China - 1920 Haiyuan landslides
Peru - 1970 22 000 Huascarán avalanche
Venezuela - 1999 10 000 - 30 000 Vargas tragedy
Italy - 1916 10 000 White Friday avalanches
Tajikistan - 1949 5 000 - 28 000 Khait landslide
Peru - 1941 4 000 - 6 000 Huaraz avalanche
Peru - 1962 4 000 Huascarán avalanche
China - 1310 3 466 Western Hubei landslide
China - 1933 3 429 Diexi landslides


Death count

Water

Ten deadliest floods

Location / Year Estimated death toll Event
China - 1931 400 000 - 4 000 000 China floods
China - 1887 900 000 - 2 000 000 Yellow River (Huang He) flood
China - 1975 229 000 Banqiao Dam failure
China - 1935 145 000 Yangtze river flood
Holy Roman Empire - 1530 ~100 000 St. Felix's Flood, storm surge
North Vietnam - 1971 100 000 Hanoi and Red River Delta flood
China - 1911 ~100 000 Yangtze River flood
Holy Roman Empire - 1287 50 000 - 80 000 St. Lucia's flood, storm surge
Holy Roman Empire - 1212 60 000 North Sea flood, storm surge
Holy Roman Empire - 1219 36 000 St. Marcellus flood, storm surge

Ten deadliest tsunamis

Location / Year Estimated death toll Event
Indian Ocean - 2004 227 898 Indian Ocean tsunami
Italy - 1908 123 000 Messina earthquake
Indonesia - 1883 36 417 -120 000 Eruption of Krakatoa
Portugal - 1755 40 000 - 50 000 Lisbon earthquake
Greece - 2nd Millennium BC 30 000 - 100 000 (est.) Minoan Eruption
Japan - 1498 31 000 Meiō Nankaidō earthquake
Japan - 1707 30 000 Hōei earthquake
Japan - 1896 27 122 Sanriku earthquake
Chile - 1868 25 674 Arica earthquake
Greece - 365 5 700 - 50 000 Crete earthquake


Death count

Fire

Deadliest wildfires / bushfires

Location / Year Estimated death toll Event
Wisconsin, United States - 1871 1 200 - 2 500 Peshtigo Fire
Soviet Union - 1936 1 200 Kursha-2 Fire
Minnesota, United States - 1918 453 Cloquet Fire
Minnesota, United States - 1894 418+ Great Hinckley Fire
Michigan, United States - 1881 282 Thumb Fire
Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia - 1997 240 Indonesian forest fires
Ontario, Canada - 1916 223 Matheson Fire
China and Soviet Union - 1987 191 Black Dragon Fire
Australia - 2009 180 Black Saturday bushfires
Canada - 1825 160 - 300 Miramichi Fire
Greece - 2018 102 Attica wildfires
Montana and Idaho, United States - 1910 87 Great Fire of 1910
California, United States - 2018 86 Camp Fire
Greece - 2007 84 Greek forest fires
France - 1949 82 Landes forest fire
Australia - 1983 75 Ash Wednesday bushfires
Canada - 1911 73 - 200 Great Porcupine Fire
Australia - 1939 71 Black Friday bushfires
Portugal - 2017 66 Portugal wildfires
Washington and Oregon, United States - 1902 65+ Yacolt Burn
Australia - 1967 62 Tasmanian fires
Australia - 1926 60 Victorian bushfires
Indonesia - 1991 57 Indonesian forest fires
Nepal - 1992 56 Nepal wildfires
Russia - 2010 54 Russian wildfires

Death count

Air

Ten deadliest tornadoes

Location / Year Estimated death toll Event
Manikganj, Bangladesh - 1989 1 300 The Daulatpur - Saturia tornado
United States (Missouri-Illinois-Indiana) - 1925 695 The Tri-State tornado
Bangladesh - 1973 681 Dhaka tornado
Bangladesh - 1969 660 East Pakistan tornado
Malta - 1551 or 1556 600 The Valletta, Malta tornado
Sicily, Two Sicilies (now Italy) - 1851 500 The Sicily Tornadoes
Jessore, Bangladesh - 1964 The Narail-Magura tornado
Bangladesh - 1977 The Madaripur-Shibchar tornado
Soviet Union (now Russia) - 1984 400 The Ivanovo-Yaroslavl tornado
United States (Mississippi-Louisiana) - 1840 317 The Great Natchez tornado

Ten deadliest tropical cyclones

Location / Year Estimated death toll Event
East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) - 1970 500 000 Bhola cyclone
India - 1737 300 000 Calcutta cyclone
India - 1839 India Cyclone
China - 1975 229 000 Super Typhoon Nina
Bangladesh - 1876 200 000 Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876
Vietnam - 1881 150,000 (30,000 to 300,000) Haiphong Typhoon
Bangladesh - 1991 138,866 Bangladesh cyclone
Myanmar - 2008 138,373 Cyclone Nargis
Philippines - 1780 100 000 July 1780 typhoon
India - 1977 50 000 Andhra Pradesh cyclone

Ten deadliest blizzards

Location / Year Estimated death toll Event
Iran - 1972 4 000 Iran blizzard
Norway - 1719 3 000 Carolean Death March
Afghanistan - 2008 926 Afghanistan blizzard
United States - 1888 400 Great Blizzard of 1888
United States - 1950 353 Great Appalachian Storm of 1950
United States - 1993 318 Storm of the Century
United States - 1960 286 December 1960 nor'easter
United States and Canada - 1913 250 Great Lakes Storm of 1913
United States - 1888 235 Schoolhouse Blizzard
United States - 1966 201 North American blizzard of 1966

https://ourworldindata.org/natural-disasters https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll
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